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      秦始皇墓位于距西安市 30 多千米的临潼县城以东的骊山脚下。据史书记载:  秦始皇嬴政从 13 岁即位时就开始营建陵园,由丞相李斯主持规划设计,大将章邯监工

      秦始皇墓位于距西安市 30 多千米的临潼县城以东的骊山脚下。据史书记载:

      秦始皇嬴政从 13 岁即位时就开始营建陵园,由丞相李斯主持规划设计,大将章邯监工,修筑时间长达 38 年,工程之浩大、气魄之宏伟,创历代封建统治者奢侈厚葬之先例。

      

    任你博-www.bb55588.com-秦始皇陵复原图曝光,震撼世人! 未分类 第1张


      家喻户哓的秦始皇,因完成统一大业而名垂千古,因实施暴政遭千古骂名。

      秦王朝只存在了 15 年,他的万世皇帝梦也就破灭了。可皇帝制度、皇帝意识影响了中国几千年。

      不仅始皇帝的身世、生平、功过引人注目,连座落在骊山脚下的始皇陵也因众多未解谜团而倍受关注。

      

    任你博-www.bb55588.com-秦始皇陵复原图曝光,震撼世人! 未分类 第2张


      秦陵地宫是指秦始皇的地下陵墓,因特殊原因至今还未挖掘。

      为了弥补遗憾,按照史书记载秦始皇陵,以水银为百川江河大海,浓缩表现了秦岭的历史全貌。

      皇陵是中国历史上第一座帝王陵园,是我国劳动人民勤奋和聪明才智的结晶,是一座历史文化宝库,在所有古代帝王陵墓中以规模宏大、埋藏丰富而著称于世。

      

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      据《史记·秦始皇本纪》记载,陵墓一直挖到地下的泉水,用铜加固基座,上面放着棺材……墓室里面放满了奇珍异宝。

      墓室内的要道机关装着带有利箭的弓弩,盗墓的人一靠近就会被射死。墓室里还注满水银,象征江河湖海;墓顶镶着夜明珠,象征日月星辰;墓里用鱼油燃灯,以求长明不灭……

      

    任你博-www.bb55588.com-秦始皇陵复原图曝光,震撼世人! 未分类 第4张


      秦始皇陵共发现 10 座城门,南北城门与内垣南门在同一中轴线上。坟丘的北边是陵园的中心部分,东西北三面有墓道通向墓室,东西两侧还并列着 4 座建筑遗存,有专家认为是寝殿建筑的一部分。

      秦始皇陵集中体现了「事死如事生」的礼制,规模宏大,气势雄伟,结构殊特。

      

    任你博-www.bb55588.com-秦始皇陵复原图曝光,震撼世人! 未分类 第5张


      陵墓地宫中心是安放秦始皇棺椁的地方,陵墓四周有陪葬坑和墓葬 400 多个,范围广及 56.25 平方公里。主要陪葬坑有铜车、马坑、珍禽异兽坑、马厩坑以及兵马俑坑等,历年来已有 5 万多件重要历史文物出土。

      1980 年发掘出土的一组两乘大型的彩绘铜车马——高车和安车,是迄今中国发现的体形最大、装饰最华丽,结构和系驾最逼真、最完整的古代铜车马,被誉为「青铜之冠」。

      

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      秦始皇陵园封土、地宫、内外城垣形制及其礼仪建筑和布局都不同于先秦任何一座国君陵园。这座帝陵陵寝规模恢宏、设计奇特。

      陵园工程之大、用工人数之多、持续时间之久都是前所未有的。

      秦始皇陵地宫一直是人们关注的对象,根据多年的探索发现,秦始皇陵内部构造相当复杂,那么这座神秘的皇陵到底有哪些不可告人的谜团呢?

      谜团一.秦陵地宫深几许

      

    任你博-www.bb55588.com-秦始皇陵复原图曝光,震撼世人! 未分类 第7张


      据最新考古勘探资料表明:秦陵地宫东西实际长260米,南北实际长160米,总面积41,600平方米。秦陵地宫是秦汉时期规模最大的地宫,其规模相当于5个国际足球场。

      不过根据最新钻探资料,秦陵地宫并没有人们想像的那么深。地宫坑口至底部实际深度约为26米,至秦代地表最深约为37米。这个数据应当说不会有大的失误,这是依据目前勘探结果推算的。

      谜团二.地宫设有几道门

      

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      秦陵地宫门的数量问题,其实《史记》中似乎早有答案。只是未引起学者们的重视罢了。《史记》清楚的记载:“大事毕,已藏,闭中羡,下外羡门,尽闭工匠藏,无复出者。”棺椁及随葬品全部安置放在中门以内。

      工匠正在中门以内忙活,突然间“闭中羡门,下外羡门。”工匠“无复出者”,也成了陪葬品。

      这里涉及既有中羡门,又有外羡门,其中内羡门不言自明。地宫三道门似乎无可辨驳。

      谜团三.地宫内水银之谜

      

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      始皇陵以水银为江河大海的记载见于《史记》,《汉书》中也有类似的文字。然而,陵墓中究竟有没有水银始终是一个谜。现代科技的发展为验证秦陵地宫埋水银这一千古悬案提供了必要的前题条件。

      科学家测试发现始皇陵封土土壤样品中果然出现“汞异常”,相反其它地方的土壤样品几乎没有汞含量。

      科学家由此得出初步结论:《史记》中关于始皇陵中埋藏大量汞的记载是可靠的。

      谜团四.秦始皇使用铜棺还是木椁

      

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      秦始皇使用什么样的棺椁?《史记》、《汉书》均未明确记载。司马迁只留下一句“下铜而致椁”的含糊记录。于是有学者据此得出秦始皇使用的是铜棺。

      但从文献记载而言,秦始皇未必使用的是铜棺。《史记》、《汉书》明文记载:“冶铜锢其内,漆涂其外。”“披 以珠玉,饰以翡翠”,“棺椁之丽,不可胜原。”这里“漆涂其外”、“饰以翡翠”的棺椁恐怕只能是木质的了。

      谜团五.地宫的空间

      

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      陵墓主持者之一李斯则说:“凿之不入,烧之不燃,叩之空空,如下无状。”李斯这段话如果记载无误,那地宫明显有个外壳。

      按理这段话不会有假。因为李斯曾以左丞相身份亲自主持过陵墓工程,对地宫的构造了如指掌。加之这段话是当面向圣上汇报的,应该说不会有掺假嫌疑。

      如果按李斯所言可以推断秦陵当是一座密封的、真空的大地堡式地宫。不然,怎么会“叩之空空”?又怎么会“烧之不燃”?

      按文献记载推理地宫是空的,且有较大的空间,但由于考古勘探尚未深入到地宫的主要部位,所以地宫内部究竟是虚是实目前还是个谜。


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